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Nevin Mayer

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216-397-3055

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"I have always imagined that paradise will be a kind of library."

~ Jorge Luis Borges

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English Subject Guide

Primary Sources

In literature, primary sources generally mean an author's imaginative writing, such as a play, poem, or short story. Secondary sources are critical interpretations of primary sources. Literary critics will sometimes use historical documents, such as an old magazine article, to shed light on an author's historic times. In this situation, the historical document is also considered a primary source.

American & English Literature: Poetry, drama, and prose
Full text of books and other sources originally published in print. Also includes 21 historical editions of the Bible in English.
Bible Editions

African American Newspapers
Text of Freedom's Journal,1827-1829: Colored American, 1837-1841: North Star, 1847-1851: National Era, 1847-1860: Provincial Freeman, 1854-1857: Frederick Douglass Paper, 1851-1863: Christian Recorder, 1861-1902.

American Drama (1714 - Current)
American dramatic literature.
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American Periodicals Series Online (1740 - 1900)
Includes special interest and general magazines, literary and professional journals, children's and women's magazines, and many other historically important periodicals.

American Poetry (1600 - 1900)
Texts of poems by American writers from colonial times to the early 20th century.
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ARTFL
Full-texts of classic works of French literature and various kinds of non-fiction prose and technical writing, medieval to current.

Bartleby.com
A dictionary, encyclopedia, thesauri, and other reference works. Includes full text of classic verse, fiction, and nonfiction, and includes, of course, Bartleby, the Scrivener.

Bible in English
Texts of 21 versions of the Bible from the 10th century through the 20th century.
Bible Editions

Bibliography of American Literature
A listing of the first editions of authors who died before 1931 and who primarily published in belles lettres. Includes authors famous in their own time, but who have fallen into obscurity.
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British Periodicals: Collection I (1681 - 1920)
Contains more than 160 journals that comprise the UMI microfilm collection Early British Periodicals, the equivalent of 5,238 printed volumes containing approximately 3.1 million pages. Topics covered include literature, philosophy, history, science, the fine arts and the social sciences.

Bulfinch's Mythology
Classical myths and chivalric legends as told by Thomas Bulfinch, 1796-1867.

Carlyle Letters Online: A Victorian Cultural Reference
This database is the full text of a major correspondence reflecting the intellectual life of the 19th century. It is an ongoing project of the Duke University Press, which will include any newly discovered letters.

Catalogue of Digitized Medieval Manuscripts
A pioneering catalog of digitized medieval manuscripts currently available on the web. This source is searchable by location, shelfmark, author, title, and languages. It is produced by the Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Database of African-American Poetry (1760 - 1900)
Poems by African-American poets.
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Digital Resource Commons (OhioLINK)
An interface of the various digital images, videos, and audio collections acquired by OhioLINK and made available to all member libraries. Includes Abolition Digital Archives, Art & Architecture Images, Digital Video Collection, Foreign Language Videos, Historic & Archival Images, and Greek and Latin inscriptions.

Early American Fiction (1774 - 1850)
Full text of the first editions of short stories and novels of American writers.
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Early English Books Online (EEBO) (1473 - 1700)
Contains digital facsimile page images of virtually every work printed in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and British North America and works in English printed elsewhere from 1473-1700. Now contains about 100,000 of over 125,000 titles listed in Pollard & Redgrave's Short-Title Catalogue (1475-1640) and Wing's Short-Title Catalogue (1641-1700) and their revised editions, as well as the Thomason Tracts (1640-1661) collection and the Early English Books Tract Supplement.

Editions and Adaptations of Shakespeare (1623 - 1866)
Electronic texts of major editions of Shakespeare's works. Also includes items such as adaptations, sequels, apocrypha, and burlesques, from the 17th through 19th centuries.
Shakespeare Editions

Eighteenth Century Fiction (1700 - 1780)
Electronic texts of selected British prose, mostly in first edition.
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English Poetry Database (1505 - 1900)
Electronic texts of poems from Anglo-Saxon times through the 19th century.
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English Prose Drama (1280 - 1915)
Electronic texts of plays in prose from the Renaissance through the 19th century.
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English Short Title Catalogue (1473 - 1800)
Describes English or English-language letterpress materials. Contains records for items of all types published in Great Britain or its colonies.

English Verse Drama (1250 - 1900)
Electronic texts of plays written in verse and intended for the stage.
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Gale Literary Index
This resource provides the volume numbers where reprints of general criticism about an author or title can be found in the various Gale series hardcopy volumes, which are shelved in the library. The Gale series excerpt key passages of general criticism from books and articles. Dictionary of Literary Biography is a respected resource for biographical and critical essays about authors and is covered by this index.
Dictionary of Literary Biography

Godey's Lady's Book, 1830-1898 (1830 - 1898)
Plates and text from the first American publication designed for an audience of women.

HarpWeek (1857 - 1871)
Civil War and Reconstruction era text and images from Harper's Weekly, a weekly newspaper of politics and literature.

In the First Person: An index to letters, diaries, oral histories and personal narratives
Includes many full texts, and audio and video files. Searchable in a number of ways, including historical events, places, dates, and subjects.

Literary Reference Center (EBSCO)
A database covering authors and works most commonly studied from high school through college. Includes selected literary criticism, plot summaries, author biographies, author interviews, book reviews, poems, short stories, and images.

State papers online: the government of Britain, 1509-1714
A collection of English government documents, featuring office archives and correspondence and calendar entries. Covers English government, including social and economic affairs, law and order, religious policy, crown possessions and intelligence gathering as well as Britain's international relations and foreign policy under the Tudor and Stuart monarchs and the Commonwealth.

Twentieth Century African-American Poetry
Poems by African-American poets and profiles of the poets.
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Twentieth Century American Poetry
Full text of poems by major poets, representing a variety of schools and movements.
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Twentieth Century English Poetry
Full text of poems by major poets, representing a variety of nationalities.
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Women Writers Online
A long-term research project devoted to early modern women's writing and electronic text encoding.

Yeats Collection
The complete works of William Butler Yeats.
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