Citation Guides

Writing Tools

Literature & Other


Citation Guides

APA Style and Formatting Guide
APA (American Psychological Association) is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 5th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.

ASA Style Guide
The American Sociological Association Style Guide is intended for authors who are preparing manuscripts for publication in ASA journals. This handout is intended for students who are instructed to use "ASA style" when writing research papers. Consult the ASA Style Guide for additional or more detailed information.

Chicago Manual of Style Guide
This handout gives a brief introduction to the basic forms of a bibliography, endnotes/footnotes
and parenthetical text citation. All the examples are from the 15th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style without any change.

Citing Sources
Documentation Guidelines for citing sources and avoiding plagiarism.

CSE Style Guide
The CSE Manual describes two systems: the 'citation-sequence' system and the 'name-year' system. In the 'citation-sequence' system, citations in the text are indicated by superscript numbers that refer to references in the list of references at the end of the paper. If the same reference is referred to multiple times, it is always with the same superscript number. It is possible to refer to multiple references at once using a sequence of superscript numbers. In the 'name-year' system, in-text parenthetical citations of the author's name and year of the reference are included. Each citation corresponds to a reference in the list of references at the end of the paper. There are special recommendations for works by multiple authors, corporate authors, etc.

Medical Library Association Style Manual
The Medical Library Association (MLA) Style Manual presents guidelines for all MLA publications, print and electronic, including but not limited to the Journal of Medical Library Association, MLA News, MLANET, annual meeting publications, and brochures.

MLA Style Guide (Purdue OWL)
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3nd ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

Turabian Style Guide
Footnoting is the method for documenting quotations, paraphrases, summaries, and other material offered in your paper required by Kate A. Turabianís A Manual for Writers of Terms Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996 (known simply as "Turabian").

Writing Tools

Annotated Bibliography Preparation Guide (Cornell University)
How to prepare an annotated bibliography

Guide for Effective Writing
Handouts and exercises on starting to write, effective writing, revising, editing, and proofreading, and types and genres of writing.

Williams Strunk's The Elements of Style
A must for any student and conscientious writer. Intended for use in which the practice of composition is combined with the study of literature, it gives in brief space the principal requirements of plain English style and concentrates attention on the rules of usage and principles of composition most commonly violated.

Literature & Other - Great books online
Publishes the classics of literature, nonfiction, and reference free of charge for the home, classroom, and desktop of each and every Internet participant.

In the First Person: An index to letters, diaries, oral histories and personal narratives
Allows for in-depth field and keyword searches across all letters, diaries, oral histories, memoirs, and autobiographies within scholarly materials that are freely available on the Web and in Alexander Street databases. With a single search, users can access thousands of personal narratives in English from archives and repositories everywhere. The search returns citation information and links to full text, audio, and video whenever available.

IPL (Internet Public Library) Online Literary Criticism
The IPL Literary Criticism Collection contains critical and biographical websites about authors and their works that can be browsed by author, by title, or by nationality and literary period.
The collection is not inclusive of all the work on the web, nor does it plan to be. The sites are selected with some thought to their overall usefulness.

Pulitzer Prize Winners
The Pulitzer Prizes site contains the complete list of winners from 1917 (the first year the Prizes were awarded) to the present. The site also lists Nominated Finalists from 1980 (the first year finalists were announced) through the present.
Further information